Fritz A(dolf) Krafft: Biography [for further details see Curriculum vitae]
Professor Dr. phil. Fritz Krafft was born on July 10, 1935, in Hamburg, Germany. The son of Carl Krafft and Frida Krafft (both now deceased), he is retired Professor for history of pharmacy and science at the Philipp's University of Marburg and currently resides at 18 Schützenstraße, in 3556 Weimar-Niederweimar, Germany (former office: Institut für Geschichte der Pharmazie, Roter Graben 10, D-35032 Marburg/Lahn). He and his wife Astrid (née Wagner) have one daughter, Birte, by first wife he has two children, Angela and Andreas.
Fritz Krafft mostly grew up in Hamburg, where he attended the humanistic gymnasium Christianeum graduating in 1955 (Abitur). From 1955 to 1962 he studied at the University of Hamburg classical philology, philosophy and history of science. During his study he was Speaker of the Faculty of Philosophy in the Student's Parliament (1956/57) and Official Advisor of Allgemeiner Studentenausschuss (AStA) of the University of Hamburg (1957); from 1958 to 1962 he was awarded scholarship by the Study Foundation of German People (Studienstiftung des Deutschen Volkes). In 1962, Fritz Krafft received a Dr. phil. degree from the Faculty of Philosophy of the University of Hamburg. Later that same year, he joined the Institute for History of Science of the university as a Scientific Assistant and started in an additional study of physics. In 1969, he received Habilitation degree for history of science and was appointed Privatdozent in the Faculty of Natural Sciences and Senior Scientific Assistant at the mentioned institute.
The following year he got the professorship for history of science at the Faculty of Natural Sciences of the Johannes Gutenberg University of Mainz, and since that time he was directing the study group for history of science at its Institute (since 1973 Fachbereich/Faculty) of Mathematics and had been elected member of the faculty's council (Fachbereichsrat) until 1988. During the years 1975 to 1983 and 1986/87 he was also a member of the Legislative Assembley (Versammlung) of the Mainz University. In 1988, he got the Chair for History of Pharmacy and Science and became Head of the Institute for History of Pharmacy at Philipp's University of Marburg (retired 31.09.2000). 1988-1998 he was member of the faculty's council (Fachbereichsrat) of Pharmacy, 1994/95 dean of the Faculty of Pharmacy; 1990-2000 elected member (1990/91 also of the board) of the Legislative Assembly (Versammlung) of Philipp's University (Marburg), 1992-2000 also of its Permanent Committee of Supply and Developmental Planning.
Prof. Krafft's affiliations with career related organizations include German Society for History of Medicine, Science and Technology (1964-1967 as a member of its executive board), History of Science Society (USA), Society for History of Technology (USA), Gesellschaft für Wissenschaftsgeschichte - Society for History of Science - Société d'Histoire de Sciences (for which he served as president during the years 1977 to 1983, being a member of its executive board since 1973; 2007 he was elected honorary member), German Society for History of Pharmacy, International Society for History of Pharmacy, German Pharmaceutical Society (for which he serves as vicepresident of the Section of History of Science and Pharmacy); National Committee of the Federal Republic of Germany in the International Union for History and Philosophy of Science, Division of History of Science (for which he served as president during the years 1981 to 1989 and organized the XVIIIth International Congress of History of Science held in August 1989 in Hamburg and Munich), Senate Commission for Humanism Research of German Research Community (1971-1986), German Kepler Committee (1969-1973), German Copernicus Committee (1971-1973) and German Copernicus Commission (since 1971), Georg Agricola Society for Advancement of the History of Science and Technology (for which he served since 1979 as vicepresident and 1996-1999 as president of its scientific council).
Beyond that he has volunteered his services as an advisor (Museumsrat) of German Museum, Munich, (1980-1992) and is a member of the advisory board of the Edward Rosen Memorial Prize (The Graduate School and University Center of the City University of New York).
Among the honors Fritz Krafft has received are the memberships of Académie Internationale d'Histoire des Sciences (1971 corresponding, 1981 effective), Deutsche Akademie der Naturforscher Leopoldina (1984) and Akademie gemeinnütziger Wissenschaften zu Erfurt (2006 external member of the Class of Humanities) as well as the award of the badge of honour of Otto-von-Guericke-Gesellschaft (2000) and of the Johannes-Valentin-Medaille (silver) of the German Association for History of Pharmacy (2002); 2007 he was elected honorary member of Gesellschaft für Wissenschaftsgeschichte.
In 1978, Fritz Krafft founded the scientific journal Berichte zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte which he since then until 2007 has been editing. He is also co-editor of the scientific journal Sudhoffs Archiv - Zeitschrift für Wissenschaftsgeschichte and editor or co-editor of monograph series of the history of science [see Herausgebertätigkeit] (including Naturwissenschaftliche Texte bei Kindler, 1971-1972; arbor scientiarum, Hildesheim 1972-1992; Beihefte of Sudhoffs Archiv, Wiesbaden/Stuttgart since 1969; Quellen und Studien zur Geschichte der Pharmazie, Stuttgart since 1990; Natur - Wissenschaft - Theologie: Kontexte in Geschichte und Gegenwart, Münster since 1999), and Bibliothek des verloren gegangenen Wissens (Wiesbaden since 2005), of several handbooks and other collective publications [see Bücher], and of the German complete critical edition of the works of Nicholas Copernicus.
His main fields of research are general history of science from antiquity through the 18th century, social and humanistic relations of science and technology (mainly during the same time), Humanism and scientific revolution, history of astronomy and cosmology and history of atomism up to the early 20th century, history of nuclear fission and its discovery, history of pharmacy and its relation to other sciences, theory and methodology of history of science, internal and external components of scientific biography. He published his results in (2009) more than 630 articles, essays [Aufsätze] and reviews [Rezensionen] in scientific journals, encyclopedies, handbooks and other collective publications and in more than 50 books [Bücher] (mostly in German, but also in English and Italian languages). Under his advice several dissertations and other Examensarbeiten have been and will be written [Dissertationen]. He is also a sought-after speaker and has given more than 260 lectures and read numerous papers at regional, national and international conferences and congresses of history of sciences and pharmacy.